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লাকসাম

Laksham Upazila (comilla district) with an area of 429.34 sq km, is bounded by Comilla Sadar and barura upazilas on the north, chatkhil, begumganj and senbagh upazilas on the south, nangalkot and chauddagram upazilas on the east, Barura and shahrasti upazilas on the west. Main rivers are Dakatia and Little Feni.
Laksham (Town) consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas. The area of the town is 14.3 sq km. It has a population of 60926; male 52.31%, female 47.69%; density of population is 4261 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 38.3%. Laksham is well known as a commercial town. Laksham Railway Junction is one of the five biggest junctions of Bangladesh.

Administration
Laksham thana was turned into an upazila in 1982. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 2 police outposts, 25 union parishads, 479 mouzas and 504 villages.

Marks of War of Liberation
Slaughter place at Beltala of Laksham Railway Junction and a mass grave near the Harishchar Chaurasta.

Population
513119; male 49.42%, female 50.58%; Muslim 94.32%, Hindu 4.84%, Buddhist 0.70%, Christian 0.05% and others 0.13%.

Religious institutions
Mosque 960, temple 18, Buddhist Vihara 2, tomb 7, most noted are tomb of Gazi Shaheb, Darbar Sharif at Panua, tomb of Pir Shaheb at Kaliapur, tomb of Syed Shah Waliullah Rajapuri Pir Saheb at Rajapur and 
 Buddhist Vihara at Baraigaon.

Literacy and educational institutions
Average literacy 34.4%; male 40.7% and female 28.4%. Educational institutions: college 2, high school 64, junior high school 5, madrasa 59, government primary school 432, non-government primary school 69, satellite school 11, BRAC school 145. Noted educational institutions: Nawab Faizunnesa Government College, Laksham Pilot High School, Harishchar Union High School, Daulatganj Government Primary School, Gazimura Alia Madrasa.

Cultural organisations
Club 2, public library 2, museum 1, cinema hall 2, theatre stage 1 and theatre group 1.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals
Laksham Barta, Joykantha and Weekly Laksham.

Main occupations
Agriculture 34.05%, agricultural labourer 19.08%, wage labourer 3.77%, commerce 11.21%, service 13.55%, transport 3.28%, construction 1.21% and others 13.85%.

Land use
Cultivable land 32707.41 hectares; fallow land 9583.97 hectares; khas land 1959.94 hectares; land under irrigation 15068.39 hectares. Cultivable land per head 0.11 hectare.

Value of land
The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops
Paddy, wheat, potato, brinjal, tomato, mustard seed and vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops
Jute.

Main fruits
Mango, jackfruit, papaya, litchi and kamranga.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries
Poultry 28, fishery 402, hatchery 6, artificial breeding centre 4.

Communication facilities
Roads: pucca 165 km, semi pucca 30 km and mud road 1785 km; waterways 35 nautical mile; railways 57 km; railway junction 1 and railway station 6.

Traditional transport
Palanquin, horse carriage, motor launch, bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories
Cigarette factory 2, bidi factory 4, rice mill 3, oil mill 27.

Cottage industries
Total number of cottage industries 280.

Main hats, bazars and fairs
Most noted hats, bazars and fairs are Daulatganj Bazar, Kemtali Mela, Nurpur Mela.

Main exports
Cigarette, bidi and oil.

NGO activities
Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, bard, Swanirvar Bangladesh, UNDP, proshika and 
Muslim Welfare Organisation.

Health centres
Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 8 and family planning centre 14